The proposed paper (formatted as *doc, *docx or *rtf) should be sent in an electronic format. The Contributor is requested to provide a written statement (scanned) declaring that the article has been his/her original piece of work, and that it hasn’t been submitted for publication to other journal, as well as a declaration of no conflict of interest. After accepting the paper for publication the author signs a contract on the transfer of copyrights to the University of Rzeszów.

Furthermore, the text should include

  • the Author’s data (first name and family name, mailing address, academic degree, place of employment and occupied position, telephone number and e-mail address);
  • abstract and three to 5 keywords.

Essential requirements

  • the paper should not exceed 32 thousand signs (with spaces), including abstract, keywords, proper text, tables and charts, footnotes and bibliography. Review, commentary, opinion - up to 15 thousand characters. The report, note should be up to 10 thousand characters.
  • The parts of the paper should be marked with sub-heads. The introduction should include hypothesis /es, short description of the methodology of the research, and research itself.
  • The abstract – up to 1000 characters – should indicate in a concise and clear form the goals, methods of analysis and main findings, exposing an added value of the research.
  • 12 point font (preferably Times New Roman).
  • spacing 1.5.
  • standard margins - 2.5 cm.
  • please do not format the text (it is acceptable to use distinctions in bold).
  • In the text:

- titles of books, articles, musical and drama pieces, paintings should be given in italics;

- titles of exhibitions, conferences, scientific sessions, competitions should be given in book antiqua in quotation marks.

  • Quotations from primary sources and literature should be given in book antiqua in quotation marks.
  • Introducing a person for the first time, the person’s first name and family name should be given or at least initials and the family name.
  • Introducing a name of an organization or institution for the first time, its full name should be given, later an abbreviation may be used. In the case of universally recognized names (e.g. EU, UN) abbreviations might be given without the necessity to introduce full names while used for the first time.
  • Numerals should be written as words if one-word form is possible, especially when referring to persons. In the case of enumeration or comparing data – as figures. Abbreviations: thous., mln, bln should be used in case of full thousands (e.g. 47 thous.), otherwise figures should be used (e.g. 46 305). Spaces should be used in 5-figure and higher numerals (e.g. 45 300, 4 400 433).
  • Dates should be in the form: 1 May 2004.
  • Hyphen is used to spell double-barreled names, e.g. Skłodowska-Curie.
  • The Cyrillic script should be avoided – titles, excerpts from Russian, Ukrainian etc. texts should be transcribed in the Latin script.


1. The Harvard model of referencing is obligatory: references are included in brackets in the text, including name(s) of author(s)/ editor(s), year of publication and, if applicable, the number of the page referred to after the colon, for instance: (Alexander 2000: 3).

2. Footnotes may be used to explicate issues analyzed in the text in more detail.

3. The Harvard model of referencing requires a reference list provided at the end of the text to which references refer. The following information should be provided:

a) Books (one or more volumes; one, two or three authors; a joint publication, i.e. by more than three authors):

  • Name(s) and initial(s),
  • Year of publication in brackets,
  • Title. Sub-title (in italics),
  • Number of volume and part (followed by the colon, e.g. vol. 1:)
  • Title of volume and part (in italics),
  • Edition (if significant),
  • Place of publication (followed by the colon),
  • Publishing house.

b) Articles in joint publications:

  • Name(s) and initial(s),
  • Year of publication in brackets,
  • Title (in italics),
  • [in:] (without a preceding comma)
  • Otherwise the requirements for book referencing are applicable.

c) Journals:

  • Name(s) and initial(s),
  • Year of publication in brackets,
  • Title of article. Sub-title (in italics),
  • Title of journal (in book antiqua, in quotation marks),
  • Part of a yearbook (volume number, issue; double issue: 1/2, subsequent volumes: 1–2).

4. Entries should be ordered alphabetically and ordered chronologically as far as works by the same author are concerned.

5. Titles in foreign languages should be given in the language of the original (the Cyrillic script transcribed into the Latin script).

6. Where applicable, the DOI identifier should be added, eg.: Kaid L.L., Johnston A. (1991), Negative versus positive television advertising in U.S. presidential campaigns, 1960- 1988, “Journal of Communication”, vol. 41(3), pp. 53-064. DOI 10.1111/j.1460-2466.1991.tb02323.x.